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Blockchain can save customer loyalty programs from becoming unfruitful!

A study by American Express revealed that 62% of millennials tend to only ever buy a preferred brand compared to 54% of the wider population. 

A key driver of this notable millennial brand loyalty here seems to be loyalty rewards. While price matters (across all generations), millennials are more likely than any other generation to stay loyal to a brand because of its loyalty rewards.

In contrast, the older Gen X’s brand loyalty is driven by price and bargains. As a result of strong millennial brand loyalty and the loyalty rewards that drive it, 57% of Fortune 500 brands surveyed indicated that they will increase loyalty program budgets in 2017–18.

So What’s the problem ?

It’s no surprise that 33% of millennials dislike rewards programs because there are “too many cards to carry”.

The existing loyalty program models are not only pain for consumers, but they raise many challenges and pain points for retailers too. These include the costs associated with establishing, operating, and securing loyalty points programs, low redeem rate of earned loyalty points, customers finding the signup process overly complex, and the general overabundance of loyalty programs in the market. In the US alone, consumers hold more than 3.3 billion memberships in customer loyalty programs.

There is a term called “breakage” used in the loyalty industry to refer to reward points that are not redeemed. An average American is reportedly a member of seven loyalty programs and many of them reportedly have ten–fifteen loyalty cards in their wallet. As industry insiders know, breakage can be as high as 30%. And till the day these points expire, they will sit as a
liability in balance sheets of brands. For an industry that tops $300 Billion, the problem is undoubtedly immense. And we haven’t even touched the security aspect yet.

In 2017, 11% of attacks on existing financial accounts (not involving payments on credit and debit cards) were on loyalty accounts, compared with 4% in 2016. Not just the points, even the private information of the account holder is at risk. In 2018, hackers were able to steal information of 500 Million customers from the Marriott-Starwoood’s database. 

Blockchain based loyalty programs

Generally while establishing a joint loyalty program, it requires establishing the b2b communications needed to maintain the accounting aspect of the loyalty points, where each party has to audit transactions and secure data from fraudulent attacks. This is one of the reasons that establishing and operating joint loyalty programs can quickly become a complex and expensive effort.

Blockchain technology is an excellent solution for running network loyalty programs because they address many of these technical challenges. One of these solutions include creating a shared transaction ledger between all involved brand, implementing interchanging rules based on “smart contracts”, which is fraud and cheating protected. This blockchain network will be a shared scalable infrastructure between brands from different sectors.

Interoperability of loyalty programs can allow users to spend points on any services

Why blockchain?

Interoperability and third Party Costs

This blockchain model for loyalty programs enhances the value of points to users and brings in new value to the involved brands by creating trusted transactions. Loyalty points today are not interoperable among multiple stores of different groups.

Customers often suffer from ‘loyalty program fatigue’ due to the vast number of programs available, which subsequently leads to loyalty program inactivity. One of the major reasons for this is that when this complex system is to be implemented(set-up) technically, it can be both expensive and tedious to set up, and demand a significant investment of time and money.

Blockchain can be used to connect different owners of loyalty programs and make the points they distribute interoperable. Transaction costs related to the issuance and redemption of reward tokens are much lower on the blockchain since they do not require a third-party.

Blockchain also significantly reduces system management costs, thanks to smart contracts that automatise processes, all while reducing costs related to instances of error. On top of this, brands themselves benefit from having access to an ecosystem of already loyal customers, which again reduces data acquisition costs.

Enabling a friction-less system

Through a trust-less, decentralised technology solution, blockchain is centralising the customer’s loyalty programs. All brands on the network decides how and with whom the customer uses these rewards, but from a consumer perspective, his/her ability to access and manage them is
practically friction-less.

Making the process near real-time

Blockchain can enable a transaction to be recorded and accessed by multiple involved parties in near real time, increasing the chance that a loyalty rewards program provider can cut through coordination inertia to credit points faster.

Providing a secure environment

Blockchain creates an immutable and time-stamped distributed database entry of every single transaction ever made, making each transaction and its record easily traceable, but also rendering them irreversible, preventing double spending, fraud, abuse, and any other type of manipulation of the transactions.


Loyalty programs based on blockchain where smart contracts will automate all transactions will make the management of loyalty programs smooth and autonomous. The data stored on blockchain will maintain privacy of users which will increase trust of brand among users.

Implementing joint loyalty program with other brands will be a piece of cake because smart contracts will take care of everything, from transferring of tokens, converting tokens, validating users during rewarding and  redeeming of tokens, thus creating a trustful environment between multiple involved brands.

Also one doesn’t have to rely on any third party which gives each brand full access to their most valuable asset – data. 

This article was originally published on Hackernoon, and have been slightly edited and published here with permission of the author.

Disclaimer: This is a guest post. All opinions in the article are of the author and may or may not reflect the opinions of Coin Crunch India.

Cover Image Source: Capillary Tech

Read more on Loyalty Programs on Blockchain:

Can Blockchain Help You Cash Out Your Unspent Loyalty Points?
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